You can change your ad preferences anytime. 2. Characteristics of caste system Segmental division of society: The caste system gives to the Hindu society a segmentary character. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Business or Occupation - farmers, clerk officers, industrialists etc. Membership in a caste is based on birth. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Endogamy is the essence of caste system which is perpetuating it. Available B.A.L.L.B notes of political science from Amity University, useful for students of semester 1. A sense of highness and lowness or superiority and inferiority is associated with this gradation or ranking. Interconnectedness within different castes is reflected through the joint celebrations of festivals such as Hoh, Kumar Punima, observation of Raja Sankranti etc. In segmental division of caste system, a society is divided into different segments. 4. 2. by Prerna. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. ... For example caste system in its initial stages worked well and was a part of our social organization but when the statuses of the individual in caste system were misused. A scribed. The caste system of India The different castes Where does it come from? The caste system of India Janine and Sandra Structure What exactly is a caste system ? There are perhaps more than 3000 jatis in India and there is no one all-Indian system of ranking them in order of status. These groups determine … The caste system of India does not permit a person to switch between the vertical strata or caste structure (that is an ascribed status) across the social hierarchy, thus making it a closed system. Presentation Summary : THE ARYANS AND THE CASTE SYSTEM. Caste system entails a number of characteristics. That is why Varnas or castes are known as closed classes. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Endogamy & exogamy – In a caste syst. Presentation Summary : Cultural Pluralism is a concept often combined with cultural diversity . Once born in a caste he has to remain the same. The caste system, as it actually works in India is called jati. Feeling of own caste superiority over other castes Is the main factor. 1. The Brahmins are placed at the top of the hierarchy and are regarded as pure or supreme. • The caste system is a social hierarchy in which society is divided into groups. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. It is very formal, rigid and well defined system. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Caste System of India In modern day society, what would be the most exotic difference of the Indian culture or society? 5. Three main types of social stratification are as : Caste social stratification, Class social stratification and; Stratification based on estate or slavery. ... in that people in a caste system cannot dream of equality. There was reciprocal system of exchange goods and services. The caste system is a check on economic and intellectual advancement and a great stumbling block in the way of social reforms because it keeps economic and intellectual opportunities confined to a certain section of the population only. marrying into their own caste. on the part of various caste groups. One of the main characteristics of caste system is Endogamy i.e. The Caste System India. The status of a person … There is restriction on marriage. Caste system is static whereas the class system is dynamic. This means people are either born into or marry within their family's caste; changing caste systems is very rare. Caste system 1. Segmental Division. Ghurye, M.N. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Segmental division: So far as caste system is concerned, each caste is an autonomous group independent of the other. There may be many, but most fundamentally it would be... the Caste system! Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Caste system ppt. Characteristics of Caste System. I believe that’s because two key characteristics differentiate caste from race and class. The Caste System 2. For example, there was a different path for lower caste people; it was a general practice to not even have a tinge of a shadow of lower caste people. 1. Integration of Castes: Jajmani system leads to the integration of castes. First, caste cannot be transcended. Caste determines whom a person can marry, specifies what kind of work he can do, and even controls what he can eat or touch. Class system, on the contrary, is an open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility. In the class system, there are no formal restrictions on inter-dining and inter-marriage between people from different classes as is found in the caste system. Ascribed status was one of the most fundamental characteristics of a caste system. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Social stratification is a system whereby people in the society are categorized depending on various factors such as income, ethnicity, occupation, and level of education. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Caste system hierarchically divides the society. form of social stratification in which one's status is determined by birth and is lifelong (sociology "Caste" is the term used todescribe the complex system ofsocial divisions that pervades lifein India. This paper as entitled-“The Caste System: Continuities and Changes”, talks about the caste system, as prevalent in Indian society, its features and other issues related to it. Caste is an ancient hereditary system that developed alongside and became intertwined with Hinduism. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. It perpetuates the exploitation of the economically weaker and socially inferior castes, especially the untouchables. The Brahmin were the priests, teachers, and judges who The Caste System During Classical Indian History . Hence it is unchangeable. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is people’s strong desire to enhance caste prestige. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Class system: Definition, Meaning, Characteristics, and Examples. "Caste" is the term used to describe the complex system of social divisions that pervades life in India. For example, poor people were obliged to stay away from some of the richest people. 6. Jajmani System Feature # 7. Sense of Caste Prestige: It is the most important cause of casteism. Social position in a caste system is decided by assignment rather than attainment. The term jati appears in almost all Indian languages and is related to the idea of lineage or kinship group. It undermines the efficiency of labour and prevents perfect mobility of labour, capital and productive effort 3. Characteristics Of Society And Culture PPT. No public clipboards found for this slide. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Democratic Politics Chapter 4 Grade 10 CBSE [ Gender, Religion and Caste ], No public clipboards found for this slide. In ‘a plural society two or more ethnic groups share the same space but do not mix to Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history. Society has always been stratified and the stratification takes place in the order of subgroup or class. The society is divided into various castes, the membership of which is determined by the consideration of birth. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. i.e. Based on birth, or birth is the determinant factor of caste system. Topic: Caste System (a) Perspectives on the Study of Caste Systems, G.S. Its inescapable. At the top of the caste system were the Brahmin and the Kshatriya . What is a “caste”? Status can be either achieved or ascribed. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. THE CASTE SYSTEM The Vedic religion propounded by Brahmins (that s why also known as Brahmanical religion or Brahmanism) Three main features Yagna: sacrifices – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3d257c-MTI4N The aryans and the caste system - PPT. Characteristics of the Caste System. formation of the caste system which bound two in a single society, at once mixed and segregated. There are some important characteristics of a caste system. With time, occupation and mode of generation of livelihood of various caste groups changed, and the traditional form of jajmani system fizzled out. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille (b) Features of Caste System (c) Untouchability - Forms and Perspectives. resembles in some ways Plato's ideal society of philosophers Members of a particular caste or sub-caste have the tendency of developing loyalty to their own caste. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. In India we come across a special type of social stratification in the form of castes. If this theory were true, there ought to be evidence in the earliest Vedic texts .” 2 class system- Introduction. For this reason mobility from one caste to … 1. Caste System in India today. [36] Digha Nikaya provides a discussion between Gotama Buddha and a Hindu Brahmin named Sonadanda who was very learned in the Vedas . Caste as a system of social stratification was an encompassing system in the past. This paper provides an account of changing The Caste System: Continuities and Changes Singh Swapnil Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India Abstract. It is a closed system of stratification in which almost all children end up in the same section of society as their fathers. 2 Caste System • The word caste is derived from the Portuguese casta meaning lineage, breed, or race. In this segmental division the status or position of … Ancient Buddhist texts mention Varna system in South Asia, but the details suggest that it was non-rigid, flexible and with characteristics devoid of features of a social stratification system. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3ce7ac-ZWZiM For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which ruled from 320 to 550, was from the Vaishya caste rather than the Kshatriya. Main features of caste system . They are as follows: 1. Status, position prestige is fixed according to his caste. Caste is an ancienthereditary system that developedalongside and becameintertwined with Hinduism. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Following are the main characteristics of social organizations. Characteristics of class Hierarchy of status Social ranking based primarily on economic position Unequal distribution of wealth and power More mobility than caste system A system in which status is achieved by one’s own efforts rather than ascribed, assigned or inherited A system having some degree of permanency of the class structure Characteristics of Social Organizations. The castes are divided into sub-caste. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Can be utilized by studets for future preparation and revision purpose. 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